Liposuction is a surgical procedure aimed at removal of fat from your body. Though you can lose some weight this is not primarily intended at weight reduction.
Am I a good candidate for liposuction?
Patients with following problems are good candidates for this procedure.
- Areas of fat deposits that are out of proportion with the rest of your body and do not go away with diet and exercise – so called "diet resistant fat".
- Areas with minimal amounts of excess skin (Liposuction removes fat not skin) and good skin elasticity.
- It also helps getting rid of excess of fat from localised areas like stomach, buttocks, hips, love handles, saddlebags, thighs, calves, ankles, breasts (including male breast enlargement), back, arms and neck.
- Liposuction is equally effective in both men and women.
How are the results of liposuction?
Liposuction surgery usually improves contours. Healing process is more gradual and the final results will be apparent only in several months. These results are long lasting as the fat cells removed do not regenerate but sometimes weight gain, aging, pregnancy and lifestyle factors may change the overall results over period of years.
Your personal consultation- How will my plastic surgeon evaluate me for liposuction surgery?
During the initial consultation, we would like to know your concerns like what areas are bothering you and what do you expect. Usually photographs are taken. Examination to determine the areas of fat excess and the skin elasticity will be conducted.
Your relevant medical history including previous surgeries, past and present medical conditions, allergies and current medications will be asked. High blood pressure, thyroid problems, diabetes, etc. should be reviewed/evaluated by concerned physicians before surgery as these medical conditions may increase some risks associated with surgery.
How liposuction surgery is performed?
The basic technique of liposuction involves the removal of fat via a hollow metal tube (cannula) that is passed through the fatty tissue. One of the most common types of liposuction involves the aspiration of fat by attaching a pump that generates a vacuum. This is known as suction assisted lipoplasty (SAL). In addition, a motor may be used on the cannula that causes the cannula to vacillate back and forth thus performing much of the “work” of liposuction known as power assisted liposuction (PAL). An ultrasonic generator may produce sound waves above audible frequency that “breaks” the fat cells and the broken down fat is removed by SAL. A laser can also be employed to break down the fat cells. Each of the methods has advantages and disadvantages. These methods will be discussed with you at the time of the consultation. Additionally, the above techniques may be combined to yield optimal results. The decisions concerning the appropriate technique will best be accomplished by your plastic surgeon.
What are the risks involved?
Fortunately, significant complications from liposuction surgery are infrequent. Liposuction surgery is one of the two most common procedures performed by plastic surgeons.
The subject of risks and potential complications of surgery is best discussed on a personal basis between you and your plastic surgeon. Some of the potential complications that may be discussed with you include bleeding, infection, changes in sensation, scarring, allergic reactions, damage to underlying structures, need for revisions, unsatisfactory results possibly necessitating additional procedures and medical risks.
Other risks more specific to liposuction may include indentations and irregularities.
You can help minimise certain risks by following the advice and instructions of your plastic surgeon, both before and after your liposuction surgery.
Recovery from liposuction surgery
The first few days after surgery, you should rest quietly. Slight movement within the house will be permitted as early as 2 days. Patient will be wearing a garment and one should contact doctor in case of tight garment, pain fever, and soakage.
During the first 48 hours following surgery, patients experience varying degrees of swelling and bruising. The swelling persists longer. Bruising typically disappears within seven to ten days. Stitches are usually removed within a week of surgery.
Straining, bending over and lifting should be avoided during the early postoperative period. In many instances, you will be able to resume most of your normal activities within ten days or less.