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Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty)

Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty)

Eyelids are the first areas of the face to exhibit signs of aging. Blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure to reduce or modify these signs and give the patients more youthful appearance. Patients with either of the following problems will be benefited from the surgery.

  • Excess skin obscuring the natural fold of the upper eyelids
  • Loose skin hanging down from the upper eyelids, perhaps impairing vision
  • A puffy appearance to the upper eyelids, making the eyes look tired
  • Excess skin and fine, “crepe paper type” wrinkles of the lower eyelids
  • Bags and dark circles under the eyes
  • Lower eyelid droopiness

This relatively minor cosmetic surgery procedure can refresh the appearance of the face and make it looking years younger.

What is blepharoplasty?

Blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure aimed at correction of problem related to excess or mal-positioned fat and skin around the eyelids. This procedure along with correction of problem also rejuvenates the eyes and upper face.

Who can opt for blepharoplasty?

The procedure is best suited for patients in good physical health who have realistic expectations about the outcome of the procedure. While most people who undergo eyelid surgery are older than 35, those who have inherited droopy eyelids may need the procedure at an earlier age. For some patients, eyelid plastic surgery can be a treatment of improving vision obstructed by drooping lids. Those who may not be well-suited for blepharoplasty include patients who suffer from insufficient tear production, high blood pressure, diabetes, circulatory disorders, cardiovascular disease, or thyroid disease.

How are the upper and lower eyelid surgeries done?

In upper eyelid surgery, the surgeon first marks the individual lines and creases of the lids in order to keep the scars as invisible as possible along these natural folds. The incision is made, and excess fat, muscle, and loose skin are removed. Fine sutures are used to close the incisions, thereby minimising the visibility of any scar.

In lower eyelid surgery, the surgeon makes the incision in an inconspicuous site along the lash line and smile creases of the lower lid. Excess fat, muscle, and skin are then trimmed away before the incision is closed with fine sutures.

Eyelid puffiness caused primarily by excess fat may be corrected by a transconjunctival blepharoplasty. The incision in this case is made inside the lower eyelid, and excess fatty material is removed. When sutures are used to close this kind of incision, they are invisible to the eye. They are also self-dissolving and leave no visible scar. Under normal conditions, blepharoplasty can take from one to two hours.

How much time should one expect for recovery after eyelid surgery?

Most blepharoplasty patients can return to work and normal activities within 10 days of their procedure. Following discharge from the hospital ointment for the skin is often prescribed. Among other precautions, the head should remain elevated as much as possible.

What are the risks and benefits?

Blepharoplasty, like any other surgical procedure, carries both risks and benefits. Minor surgical complications like swelling, infection, and bleeding may rarely increase the hospital stay. Due to scar contraction, very rarely there is pulling of lid downwards called ‘ectropion’. Dryness of eyes and visible scarring are rare. Various side effects can also occur after the surgery.

The benefits that eyelid surgery offers are enhanced and youthful appearance, improvement in sight for those with extremely droopy eyelids; the results are long-lasting and can be life-changing. When patients have realistic expectations going into surgery and closely follow their surgeon’s instructions for recovery, cosmetic eyelid surgery can be a very successful and fulfilling procedure.

How are the results?

The results of blepharoplasty surgery are typically long-lasting and very satisfying for the patient.

Are men suitable candidates for this procedure?

Though blepharoplasty is commonly thought of as a procedure for women, its popularity has been growing among men. Cosmetic eyelid surgery offers men the same benefits as it does to women – improved sight, the appearance of bigger eyes, and elimination of unsightly bags. Male eyelid surgery can be a very beneficial procedure for men who qualify as good candidates.