Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in medicine that deals with inflammatory and auto-immune disorders affecting the connective tissues and joints. Doctors who specialize in rheumatology are called rheumatologists. Although there is a considerable overlap in the kind of patients who visit an orthopaedic surgeon and rheumatologist, the two specialties complement each other well. Some of the musculo-skeletal conditions managed by a rheumatologist are
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease, which means the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue leading to inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues.
Ankylosing spondylitis is another condition that causes inflammation in the spinal and hip joints leading to these bones to join together. Eventually this leads to stiffness and loss of mobility in the joints. The disease affects males between ages 20 and 40 more often than females.