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Orthopaedic Musculoskeletal Oncology

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Orthopaedic Musculoskeletal Oncology

Overview - Orthopaedic Musculoskeletal Oncology

Bone Tumours

When cells divide abnormally and uncontrollably, they can form a mass or lump of tissue. This lump is called a tumour. Bone tumours (primary bone tumours) are abnormal growths that develop or originate from the bones. If a tumour arises elsewhere in the body and then comes to the bone, such tumours are called bone metastasis.

Are all bone tumours cancerous?

No, not all bone tumours are cancerous. Most bone tumours are benign (non-cancerous), meaning they do not spread to other parts of the body. Malignant bone tumours (cancerous) also called as bone sarcomas, such as osteosarcoma or Ewing’s sarcoma, are less common but require immediate medical attention. When a cancerous tumour arises from the soft tissues of the body (cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, fibrous tissue, or other connective or supportive tissue), it is called a soft tissue sarcoma.

Symptoms of Bone tumours

The symptoms of bone tumours can vary, but the most common symptoms are persistent pain, swelling or a lump. Loss of weight and appetite, difficulty in sleeping at night, performing daily activities, pain not subsiding with rest or medications are some of the red-flag signs one needs to be aware of.

Why SPARSH for bone tumours?

With a background of world-renowned orthopaedic care at Sparsh, we are proud to introduce our specialized expertise in Musculoskeletal Oncology. Our mission is to become the leading global destination and centre of excellence for bone and soft tissue tumour care. Techniques such as 3D printing, custom-made implants and prostheses, massive allografts and robotic surgeries enables us to provide personalized solutions that are tailored to each patient’s unique individual needs, enhancing treatment outcomes and quality of life in patients with bone tumours. We understand the complexities and challenges associated with sarcomas and our multidisciplinary team approach offers patients an unparalleled level of care and treatment options for all types of bone and soft tissue tumours.
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Can bone tumours spread to other parts of the body?

Malignant bone tumours or sarcomas have the potential to spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body, such as the lungs or other bones. Delay in diagnosis and treatment are the most important factors for metastasis. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help prevent or manage metastasis.

Are bone tumours hereditary?

Most bone tumours are not hereditary, but a small percentage may be associated with genetic conditions such as multiple hereditary exostoses or Li-Fraumeni syndrome. If you have a family history of bone tumours (or any tumours), it is important to discuss it with your doctor.

How are bone tumours diagnosed?

Diagnosis typically involves a combination of imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI scans, PET scan etc., blood tests along with a biopsy.

What is a biopsy?

Biopsy is a simple procedure where a sample of tissue from the suspected tumour is examined under a microscope. Special tests will be performed on this sample if needed. Biopsy is necessary to confirm the presence of tumour, to establish its type and to decide what treatment is needed.

How are bone tumours treated?

Treatment options depend on the type, location, and stage of the tumour. Treatment may involve surgery to remove the tumour, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these approaches. 

Can bone tumours be prevented?

There is no guaranteed way to prevent bone tumours, as many unknown factors contribute to their development. However, leading a healthy lifestyle, avoiding exposure to radiation, and promptly addressing any bone-related symptoms can help with early detection and treatment.

Can bone tumours be cured?

It depends on several factors, including the type of tumour, its stage at diagnosis, and the individual's overall health. While benign bone tumours can be effectively cured through surgical removal, malignant bone tumours or sarcomas may require a combination of treatments to achieve a cure. With advances in diagnostics and treatment, the prognosis of patients with bone tumours has improved over the years. There is a higher likelihood of achieving a cure in about 70%-80% of patients with malignant bone tumours if diagnosed early and treated promptly. It's important to note that achieving a cure does not guarantee a complete absence of long-term effects or risks of recurrence (tumour coming back). Regular follow-up care and monitoring are crucial to detect any potential recurrence or new tumours at an early stage.

Are bone tumours more common in certain age groups?

Yes, some types of bone tumours are more prevalent in specific age groups. For example, osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma often occur in children and adolescents, while other bone tumours, such as chondrosarcoma, are more common in older adults.

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