Maxillo Facial Surgery
With the giant strides in medical technology and research, SPARSH hospital is focused on continuously strengthening maxillofacial care on many fronts. The belief is that the delivery of this kind of care not only results in social betterment of patient lives but also creates a benchmark for the world.
With five full time maxillofacial surgeons, the team offers a range of procedures that include maxillofacial trauma and surgery, reconstructive surgery, cancer/tumour surgery, cleft lip and palate surgery, pharyngoplasty, distraction osteogenesis, orthognathic surgery, temporomandibular joint disorders, dental surgery, dental implants, congenital anomaly correction and maxillofacial implants.
Orbital floor fractures are a common result of facial trauma. They may occur as isolated fractures after localized blunt trauma, or as part of massive facial trauma. Over 50% of patients with facial fractures will have accompanying systemic injuries. These patients must be subjected to a comprehensive evaluation by a multidisciplinary trauma team. Immediate management should consist of airway management, treatment of shock, and control of hemorrhage. After the patient has been stabilized, further work-up of facial trauma can proceed.
Trauma to the eye, eyelids, orbit and facial bones can occur due to many causes. Motor vehicle accidents are the cause in many patients. Penetrating trauma to the periocular structures can be due to bullet wounds, stab wounds & many other sharp and blunt objects. Trauma to the structures and tissues around the eyes maybe commonly associated with injury to the eye, facial bones, brain, chest and abdomen.
Soft Tissue Injuries of the Maxillofacial Region
When soft tissue injuries such as lacerations occur on the face, they are repaired by suturing. In addition to the obvious concern of providing a repair that yields the best cosmetic result possible, care is taken to inspect for and treat injuries to structures such as facial nerves, salivary glands and salivary ducts (or outflow channels). Our doctors are well-trained oral and maxillofacial surgeons and are proficient at diagnosing and treating all types of facial lacerations.
The Nature of Maxillofacial Trauma
There are a number of possible causes of facial trauma. Motor vehicle accidents, accidental falls, sports injuries, interpersonal violence and work related injuries. Types of facial injuries can range from injuries of teeth to extremely severe injuries of the skin and bones of the face. Typically, facial injuries are classified as soft tissue injuries (skin and gums), bone injuries (fractures), or injuries to special regions (such as the eyes, facial nerves or the salivary glands).
A patient of polytrauma requires the assistance of various medical specialties. SPARSH has a dedicated team of skilled Maxillofacial surgeons, with all the team members having special skills to handle Maxillofacial trauma. The Maxillofacial Team is an integral part of the trauma team at SPARSH, thus ensuring comprehensive trauma care.